Interview: Antonio Pappano on Santa Cecilia

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First published in The Herald on 6 July, 2016

What’s in a name? Quite a bit, it seems, if you’re an Italian institution with several centuries of Papal patronage and the contours of nation building and 20th century political history etched into your fortunes. The Orchestra dell’Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia— and no, that title can’t be shortened (I did ask) — is heir to one of the oldest musical institutions in the world, a Roman academy founded in 1585 with Palestrina as one of its earliest members. Back then the name was even longer: the Congregazione dei Musici sotto l’invocazione della Beata Vergine e dei Santi Gregorio e Cecilia, or The Congregation of Musicians under the Invocation of the Blessed Virgin, Saint Gregory and Saint Cecilia. You get the sense they weren’t thinking of hashtagability for the digital age.

The opening weekend of this year’s Edinburgh International Festival features the Santa Cecilia orchestra (let’s work with that) who last visited to Scotland 68 years ago almost to the day. Back then the festival itself was just a bairn, founded out of the wreckage of the Second World War in the hope that art and internationalism could build a better world. Santa Cecilia gave six concerts on six consecutive nights under three different conductors including Wilhem Furtwangler. What a statement it was to invite an Italian orchestra and a German conductor, particularly one who had weathered a complicated relationship with the Third Reich. “With his scanty hair and long neck, he suggests an elderly bird of passage,” noted the Scottish Daily Mail on 9 September 1948. “Personally he is remote and aloof, wrapped in a manner which indicates: ‘I am the inestimable Furtwangler.’”

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Interview: David Lang

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First published in the Guardian on 29 June, 2016

“I guess I’m emotionally complicated in the most simple terms,” says David Lang, Pulitzer Prize winning American composer, eyeing me with an expression that is simultaneously intense and placid as if to demonstrate the point. He’s explaining why his music has become such a favourite of choreographers and filmmakers — particularly the Italian director Paolo Sorrentino, who has featured Lang scores in his recent films. In the latest, Youth, Lang was tasked with writing Simple Song #3, hit opus of Michael Caine’s ageing composer character. Basically he had to write the ultimate tune: a melody so easy that beginners can play it yet so beautiful that it moves everyone to laughter and to tears.

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CD review: Riley’s In C, Slagwerk, Ragazze, Kapok

First published in the Guardian on 30 June, 2016

Riley: In C, Sunrise of the Planetary Dream Collector
Ragazze Quartet/ Slagwerk Den Haag/ Kapok (Channel Classics)

Terry Riley wrote In C in the early 1960s as a gleaming, free-wheeling utopia: a blissed-out soundbite of non-hierarchic social empowerment in which one person plays a repeated C (the first performance at San Francisco’s Tape Music Centre featured a young Steve Reich laying it down on a Wurlitzer) while the rest of the gathering thrums along with 53 variously interlocking little phrases. The piece became a 20th century classic and has been performed a zillion different ways, from 15-minute miniatures to multi-hour epics. This latest Dutch version clocks in at 40 minutes and combines chipper-sounding string quartet with percussion ensemble, taking the music into a cheesy kind of party groove after a polite start. It’s fun and breezy if not a whole lot more.  The disc also contains a dubiously ‘jazzy’ take on Sunrise of the Planetary Dream Collector, originally for string quartet, here with added horn, electronics and percussion. It’s all innocuous and inventive enough, but I wanted ten times more grit to the sound.

CD review: Benedetti, Bournemouth, Karabits, Shostakovich, Glazunov

First published in the Guardian on 30 June, 2016

Shostakovich/Glazunov: Violin Concertos
Benedetti/Bournemouth SO/Karabits (Decca)

This might just be Nicola Benedetti’s best recording yet. Two very different 20th century violin concertos show her at her most generously expressive and succinct, her most agile and commanding. Shostakovich wrote his seething First Concerto in the late 1940s but kept it mainly suppressed until after Stalin’s death in the 1950s; Benedetti unfurls the painful opening melody with a wan, broken, beautiful sound, then when it comes to the Passacaglia she really soars. And what makes it so worth hearing her interpretation of the Glazunov — an altogether lighter, sweeter business — is that she retains some of that urgency and makes a convincing case for the dark corners as well as the big-hearted tunes. Another major plus is the playing of the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra under Kirill Karabits, a sound that broods and simmers in the Shostakovich and adds lustrous depth to the Glazunov.

CD review: Goerne, Eschenbach, Brahms

First published in the Guardian on 30 June, 2016

Brahms: Vier Ernste Gasänge
Goerne/Eschenbach (Harmonia Mundi)

The longstanding duo of baritone Matthias Goerne and conductor/pianist Christoph Eschenbach brings well-signposted stormy grandeur to a collection of Brahms songs, culminating in a rich-hued account of the Four Serious Songs Opus 111. Occasionally bombast gets the better of Goerne — Wehe so willst du mich wieder from the Opus 32 set is all shout and bluster — and at times he overdoes the big, husky breaths that are part of his sound, like ‘em or leave ‘em. But his gravelly low notes can be glorious, his long phrases are powerful and his high pianissimos are especially poignant in Mondenschein, Opus 85. The finest-grained colours come from the piano; Eschenbach knows when to push and when to linger, and he has a lovely knack of catching Goerne at the crest of a phrase then adding his own quiet commentary.

Review: St Magnus Festival 2016

First published in The Herald on 29 June, 2016

The St Magnus International Festival marked its 40th year with an extended 10-day programme, three chamber operas, a gleaming new Steinway grand piano, 40 world premieres — including one by the late Sir Peter Maxwell Davies; more on that in a moment — and a visit from the BBC Symphony Orchestra that culminated with a performance of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony. Plenty to celebrate, then, not least the marvel of community involvement and deft politicking that has ensured the sheer survival of a classical musical festival in Orkney for all these years.

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Review: Hebrides Ensemble

First published in the Guardian on 24 June, 2016

Hebrides Ensemble
Cottier Theatre, Glasgow/St Magnus Cathedral, Kirkwall

The Hebrides Ensemble turns 25 this year with a fine heritage of commissioning new works, supporting Scottish composers and performing solid interpretations of 20th chamber music. But does today’s Hebrides still sound as “diverse, imaginative and inspiring” as its mission statement claims, at is once did? The group has some great regular members — clarinettist Yann Ghiro is a mighty player who keeps things buoyant whenever he’s involved —  but in recent years the general dynamic has felt a little tired and rigid. These two anniversary projects confirmed as much.

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Preview: Music at Paxton

First published in The Herald on 22 June, 2016

Music at Paxton just doubled in size. I’m not talking number of concerts or days or audience or ticket prices — that’s all still as bijoux and snug and reasonable as ever. This summer’s programme features, rather impressively, Angela Hewitt playing Bach and Scarlatti, Alina Ibragimova playing three concerts including an all-Beethoven recital featuring the Spring Sonata and the Archduke Trio, Pieter Wispelwey playing Bach’s cello suites, Rachel Podger playing Mozart. Any one of those concerts would sell well at major UK concert halls, but Music at Paxton is never going to be about mass entertainment, not when its main stage is an ornate picture gallery nestled within a neo-Palladian mansion on a B-road in the Borders that seats 140, max.

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Preview: St Magnus International Festival 2016

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First published in The Herald on 18 June, 2016

Around spring of 1973, a select troupe of contemporary music specialists made their way from London to Kirkwall at the behest of their director — the Salford-born composer Peter Maxwell Davies, recently taken up residence in a stone bothy with no running water or electricity on the storm-battered western cliffs of Hoy. The ensemble already had half a decade of gung-ho programming under its belt: it had been co-founded by Harrison Birtwistle in the late 1960s to play Schoenberg’s atonal melodrama Pierrot Lunaire and was originally called the Pierrot Players, but by 1970 Maxwell Davies had taken over the reigns and had blazingly rebranded it the Fires of London. That spring of 1973, to an audience of locals in St Magnus Cathedral, the Fires played a programme called ‘A Musical Tribute to Northern Britain’ packed with unflinching Maxwell Davies scores, included his fierce new Hymn to Saint Magnus.

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CD review: David Lang’s the national anthems

First published in the Guardian on 16 June, 2016

David Lang: the national anthems
Los Angeles Master Chorale (Cantaloupe)

Of the three Bang On A Can founder-composers, David Lang’s music has always been the glassiest, the sparest, for some listeners the most precious. In recent years his aesthetic has become leaner still, pairing down already-simple material to gaunt extremes in something approaching neo-plainchant. the national anthems (note the lower case; there is nothing vainglorious about these anthems) takes fragments of text from all 193 United Nations member states and unfolds at speaking speed, plenty of room for breaths between phrases, plenty of clarity to the words. It has the feel of sad and eerie intoning. The Los Angeles choir clinches the right sound for Lang — unflinching, spellbound — while the Calder Quartet gives sleek accompaniment. Also on the disc is a new choral version of Lang’s little match girl passion, the piece originally for four voices that won him the Pulitzer Prize in 2008 and which in the mouths of many becomes a sort of collective prayer in the congregational tradition of Bach’s chorales.